From trade to political tug-of-war to tourism, Riga has always shapeshifted, especially over the past two decades, finding itself over again following independence.
The Soviets liked the Old Town, so they gave it protected status in the ’60s. People scour at the fact that St. Peter’s Church (the oldest church in the Baltic states) was modernised in parts and that buildings like The House of Blackheads completely reconstructed like its 700-year-old original, but it the best retention of the history possible.
Getting there: Head to the Old Town, address: Miesnieku iela 10
Getting there: Walk to address, Nēģu iela.
Sediments of history forever laid in the city’s persona that you can immerse yourself in today. This Riga travel guide will show you how.
Things to Do in Riga – Wider Neighbourhood Exploration
One such neighbourhood is Maskavas Forštate, known as ‘Moscow Suburb’, which is a little off-limits to an outsider with no knowledge of its orientation and societal makeup. Neglected, run-down and with a feeling of abandonment, it’s another world compared to the centre and Old Town Riga – a suburb with one of the largest concentrations of wooden buildings that contrast sharply with the small scattering of later Soviet housing blocks.
You can wander for hours with no plan and no layout of particular sites to see, yet still enjoy Riga. It’s an alternative way to explore Riga outside of the things to do lists that concentrate on Old Town architecture. The grid-like streets outside of it mean not getting too lost in the wider residential spaces. You’ll stumble upon random finds like thrift stores, antique shops full of Soviet-era kitsch, hidden courtyards and artistic murals. Or a poster calling for a bar’s lost Tellytubby toy.
Inside Riga’s Art Nouveau Museum house
The history of Riga history is long and complex, but its more recent history and Soviet Era occupation are what many come here trying to understand. And while the city isn’t your typical post-Soviet concrete slab on the surface, scars run deep and parts of that dark time remain.
Head to Kalnciems Quarter on the other side of the river for a taste of local life.
Riga has always been desirable, from the crusaders to the communists to today’s curious tourists.
What else would you add to see the real Riga outside of its established Old Town status?
More than just a quick city break, you might be tempted to tack on some extra days in Latvia to enjoy these day trips from Riga.
History in Riga is complex, and you can explore the impact of the Russian and German occupations.
You will find it just minutes around the corner from the Freedom Monument that stands in dedication to Latvian independence. However, this is currently only a temporary location until its real home is renovated.
Getting there: Choose from one of the following three locations:
Modern-day history in the Museum of Occupation, Riga.
Riga is the centrepiece of Art Nouveau design. Riga’s Art Nouveau is considered one of the best, well-preserved and largest collections of buildings globally.
Inside the KGB Museum in Riga.
This area is where Riga’s Jewish history is the strongest – the location of the Jewish Ghetto during Nazi occupation and a memorial park for those murdered by the Nazis in 1941 after being rounded up and taken to the synagogue and burnt to the ground. The park is the burial ground; under the pathways and green slopes people pass through in silence.
The pinnacle of the popularity of Art Nouveau and the end of the 19th century going into the early 20th century coincided with an economic boom in Riga, that saw a wave of this ornate building style, with facades of foliage and faces sweep across the city, giving it the title now as the Art Nouveau capital of Europe.
Bike tours of Riga take you to outer neighbourhoods and off-track areas.
What to See in Riga – Art Nouveau Architecture
The former WWI zeppelin hangers are now the site of Riga Central Market.
In little over half an hour a train to the station, Majori brings you to the popular resort town of Jurmala, also known as ‘Riga Beach’. This area first gained popularity in the 1730s when England and France started the seaside trend. Since then, and with the opening of rail tracks and main swimming areas, Jurmala became the coastal escape near the capital. Locals quickly built summer houses, and Riga residents eagerly flock here on weekends for the clean waters and white sands.
KGB victims memorial, Riga.
Ruins of Livonian Castle in Sigulda – an easy day trip from Riga.
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A 50-minute train brings you to Sigulda, and its placement in the lush Gauja valley grants it the status as one of the most beautiful towns in Latvia.
Rye bread, beets, berries, farm and fresh forest produce. Sweden, German and Russian cuisine influence Latvian food, and markets play a central role. Riga’s restaurants are also plenty.
You can’t miss the former WWI zeppelin hangers that conceal one of Europe’s largest markets where you can buy everything you need from five pavilions filled with fruit and fish, spices and sweets, household items and clothing. While a local pilgrimage, this is a good place to try Latvian foods like pickles, cheese, fish and meat in one of the few eateries situated in the connecting corridors of these hangers. Don’t know where to start? This overview of traditional food tasting in Riga’s Central Market will help.
What to Know About Riga – Three Occupations History
To get to grips with the general layout and most interesting neighbourhoods, take a chance to hang out with the team at E.A.T Riga – a group of locals and expats who set up a series of walking and biking tours to get you out and about in the wider reaches of the city.
Independence was achieved in 1918, following time under Germany’s control in WWI, but only for a short while. In 1940, the Soviet Union occupied Latvia and then was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1941-1944, before the Soviet Red Army returned in 1944 to reclaim power until 1991.
Where to Go in Riga – The Old Town
Let’s not forget that Riga Old Town is still a significant part of the city’s persona and a cornerstone of Riga tourism. Yet, aside from this tiny cluster of streets topping the Riga attractions list, you will find some great stores and hangouts alongside the architectural highlights if you dig hard enough.
Getting there: Take buses and trams from the city centre that takes you to the closest stop: “Kalnciema iela”, which is just a five-minute walk to the market square.
Jurmala centre is best for walking, shopping, people watching and randomly choosing a side street for another laneway to the long beach. I hired a bike and spent some hours taking in the wider, quiet residential areas, park and wide tree-lined avenues for a perfect mix of action and relaxation.
READ MORE: What to Do in Sigulda, Latvia – the Nature Bound Day Trip From Riga
With a combination of cultural and adventurous highlights, there is a lot to experience. For example, you can take the 42m high cable car from one side of the valley to the other, bungee jump off the same cable car, or add some speed on the zip line flight route. There’s the Adventure Park Tarzan, where you choose from adrenalin attractions like zorb balls and catapults or ride Latvia’s Bobsleigh track and garner some speeds up to 80 km/h on an Olympic track with 16 turns.
One of my favourite buildings in the Old Town is the well-known ‘Three Brothers’, each built in a different century – the 15th, 16th and 17th. The more affectionate story is that each was built by a different man from the same family. You’ll find the Latvian Museum of architecture here if you want to indulge further.
Lido is a Riga institution, having put out a poll to the audience of Latvia Tourism’s Instastories asking for food recommendations. Almost everyone raved about Lido, further discussing which out of the numerous outposts are the best. This really is a source of great debate amongst locals. They are much the same to a visitor, although E.A.T Riga suggests skipping the Old Town branch. Serving traditional meat, potato and vegetable dishes, sauces, desserts and drinks canteen style, It’s relatively cheap with a tray of two dishes, a couple of side and rye sticks, carrot cookies and a cranberry juice amounting to not much more than €10. It’s a great way to try hearty dishes in small portions.
The heart of the town retains old seaside nostalgic nods in its architecture, old dwelling houses and timeworn health resorts and swimming centres that line the streets meant for those sunshine strolls. Modern interjections of art galleries, alfresco dining and manicured gardens give it an attractive modern front.
Find the cool coffee shops in Riga which have found a home in the old wooden buildings.
Book: A food tasting tour of Central Market, and make sure you don’t miss the best foodie finds.
To better understand the ‘Three Occupations of Latvia’ that saw a Soviet takeover move to a Nazi one and then being reclaimed by the Soviets, visit the Museum of Occupation. A guided tour costs as little as three Euros, walking you through the history of how things changed so drastically and how this ping-pong effect of occupation has left its mark on the city today.
Day Trips from Riga
The famous Three Brothers buildings in Riga.
A visit to the Riga Art Nouveau museum gives you a glimpse into what these buildings looked like inside. Tickets are €5 and provide the most comprehensive history of the buildings.
Sigulda – Riga Nature Day Trip
A Riga walking tour gives you exclusive access to these hangouts and hidden quirks you otherwise wouldn’t know about. Like Antikvariats: A basement antique store that’s beyond fascinating. You’ll find it along Stabu Street. In Bismarka Brokastis: grab a bite to eat or chill with a beer in this fairly new establishment run by a UK-born Latvian, set in a beautiful old, traditional building run by a UK-born Latvian. Or the Rocket Bean Roastery: a modern coffee shop in this grungy yet appealing part of Riga, the number one coffee house that locals recommend.
Music and art exhibition enthusiasts should note Kanepes Kultūras Centrs: one of the best cultural spaces in town, an underground vibe, edgy arts venue covered in art murals and a shabby artistic interior and used mainly as a live music venue. Or end the day in Čē: which looks like nothing more than abandoned office space outside but is actually a super cool bar.
Riga’s modern areas are home to some gritty and grungy areas that conceal an entirely different personality. Old run-down neighbourhoods are an underground hive of creative activity. Old wooden houses have been turned into design stores, bohemian bars, third-generation coffee shops, contemporary cuisine eateries, pop-up venues, and art spaces. This all fits amongst the largest collection of 19th and 20th Century Art Nouveau buildings in the world.
Jūrmala – Riga Beach Day Trip
Woodland hikes, bike rides, castle complexes and isolated surrounds are the main draws, including Livonian Castle – a medieval fortress from 1207 frequented by crusading knights and later rebuilt as a convent, the Turaida Museum of Latvia’s heritage and cultural history and Gutman’s Cave – the largest grotto type cave in the Baltic States, with detailed wall inscriptions dated back to the 17th century.
The best-elevated views of the Old Town are said to be from the St Peter’s Church rooftop. I best enjoyed the Old Town without any plan of action, wandering amongst the pastel-hued buildings while stumbling upon design stores like Andele Mandele, design cafes such as Pienene, beautiful coffee houses like speciality Strada and boho Parunāsim, an old pancake house called Šefpavāras Vilhelms and traditional produce stores including Medus istaba for locally sourced Zelta Medala honey. Hidden residential alleyways are where you can lose yourself away from the small crowds.
Getting out more into the city’s fringes, the Riga Exploration Cycling Tour with E.A.T. Riga began along the Daugava river that slices through contemporary architecture like the National Library building on one side and the former 19th-century workers districts on another.
READ MORE: Gauja National Park – Finding Cultural Heritage and Adventure in Latvia Nature
What and Where to Eat in Riga
Best for Local Produce – Riga Central Market
The façade was a display of wealth, and one of the most interesting things to do is walk into the courtyards of the Art Nouveau buildings, especially those located on Alberta Street, home to Riga’s best examples of its art nouveau period, alongside neighbouring Elizabetes street, to see a stark contrast.
Lured by the quaint pastel hues of the Old Town, many travel to Riga just to immerse themselves in this beautifully reconstructed medieval complex. But as attractive as the UNESCO World Heritage Site is, this defining area isn’t the sum of all things about Latvia’s capital. My mission was to find out what Riga is about outside of it and pull together this alternative travel guide.
Best for Street Food – Kalnciems Quarter
The interior as it was at the KBG museum.
Discovering contemporary Riga at Kanepes Kulturas Centre. Image by Snell Media.
Best for Budget Traditional Cuisine – Lido
This alternative Riga travel guide was compiled after spending nine days in Latvia’s capital to uncover the different facets of the city from its rich and troubled history. All in collaboration with Latvia Tourism, who facilitated activities based on my perception changing and culturally curious interests.
My next stop on this trail of understanding was the KGB Museum, located in the “Corner House” on Brīvības iela 61. It creates an immediate shock that such horrific and brutal control and murder could exist in such a building of beautiful decor. The USSR’s Committee for State Security (KGB) headquarters is now open to the public for education and remembrance. It was due to be closed and destroyed, but many felt it was of too great a significance not to erase the past.
Take a walking tour in Riga in the neighbourhoods outside of the Old Town.
Best for Budget Local Cuisine – Spināti un sviests
Crumbling walls, old buildings of Riga Old Town.
Riga has a beach and neighbouring Gauja National Park – a nature reserve with a loop of green sites accessible from the capital and filled with adventure and cultural highlights.
Best for Contemporary Cuisine – Garage Wine Bar
The Corner House in Riga, former KGB building.
Where to Stay in Riga
Book a Hotel in Riga
Garage Wine bar, with slick interior and modern cuisine.
Riga Travel Planning
- For further information and planning on what to do in Riga and wider Latvia travel, visit the Latvia Tourism portal website here.
- You can download a Riga map here that includes a checklist of top Riga attractions. Other Latvia maps can be sourced here.
- For further information about public transport in Riga, from Riga airport to the bus, railway and ferry terminals (useful for those also planning travel between Riga and Tallinn), visit this transport services resource.
- Those wanting to attend the best festival in Riga should consider the Latvian Song and Dance Celebration that takes place in the city every five years.
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Old buildings in Riga are now art and venue spaces.
Getting there: Walk to address: Elizabetes iela 83/85 (Bergs Bazaar)